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Accidentals


An accidental is a sign written before a note which raises or lowers it's pitch. The new pitch is held till the end of the bar unless written otherwise.

Accidentals may be bracketed as a reminder.


Sharp

A sharp raises the pitch of a note by a semitone.

Figure 1: Two sharp notes (G#, D#).


Flat

A flat lowers the pitch of a note by a semitone.

Figure 2: Two flat notes (Gb, Db).


Natural

A natural strips the note of any accidental alteration and restores it to its natural pitch.

Figure 3: Two natural notes (G, D).


Double-Sharp

A double-sharp raises the pitch of a note a tone, double that of a regular sharp.

Figure 4: Two double-sharp notes (G##, D##).


Double-Flat

A double-flat lowers the pitch of a note a tone, double that of a regular flat.

Figure 5: Two double-flat notes (Gbb, Dbb).


Also see Scales | Intervals.


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