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Notes


A note is a single sound of music with the parameters pitch and duration.

They are made up of three different components: a notehead, stem, and flag.

In American parlance, a note is called a tone.

Figure 1: Five basic notes.


Notehead

A notehead is the centre-point of a note which indicates which pitch is played by it's position on the staff.

Noteheads may also indicate a certain technique or instrument to be played.

Figure 2: The notehead outlined in a single note.


Stem

A stem is the vertical line of a note which links the notehead and tail together.

Figure 3: The stem outlined in a single note.

Not all notes have a stem.


Tail

A tail (or flag) is one or more curled lines at the end of a stem which indicates the time value of a note.

Figure 4: The tail outlined in a single note.

Not all notes have a tail.


Also see Note & Rest Values | Rests | Noteheads (Expression & Technique).


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