Repeats are various ways to navigate a composition through symbols, barlines, and repeat marks.
A repeat symbol simply indicates to repeat the previous bar.
Figure 1: The previous bar repeated.
Different versions of the symbol are used to repeat the previous two or four bars:
Figure 2: The previous two bars repeated.
Figure 3: The previous four bars repeated.
A section of a song may be repeated by using repeat barlines to indicate the beginning and ending of the repeat.
Figure 4: A section repeated using repeat barlines.
Repeat endings are lines placed above the staff which indicate the first, second, third, etc. course of music during the end of a repeated section.
Figure 5: A repeat section with different endings.
A repeat mark indicates a specific instruction to navigate a song (e.g. D.S. al Coda).
Before learning repeat marks, there are two symbols to learn which may be placed at any point of a song:
There are four different repeat marks (all written in Italian):
|D.C. al Fine||Go back to the beginning and end the song at "Fine"|
|D.C. al Coda||Go back to the beginning and play to "To Coda," then skip and play from the coda symbol|
|D.S. al Fine||Go back to the segno symbol and end the song at "Fine"|
|D.S. al Coda||Go back to the segno symbol and play to "To Coda," then skip and play from the coda symbol|
Also see Barlines | System.