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Repeats


Repeats are various ways to navigate a composition through symbols, barlines, and repeat marks.


Repeat Symbols

A repeat symbol simply indicates to repeat the previous bar.

Figure 1: The previous bar repeated.

Different versions of the symbol are used to repeat the previous two or four bars:

Figure 2: The previous two bars repeated.

Figure 3: The previous four bars repeated.


Repeat Section

A section of a song may be repeated by using repeat barlines to indicate the beginning and ending of the repeat.

Figure 4: A section repeated using repeat barlines.


Repeat Endings

Repeat endings are lines placed above the staff which indicate the first, second, third, etc. course of music during the end of a repeated section.

Figure 5: A repeat section with different endings.


Repeat Marks

A repeat mark indicates a specific instruction to navigate a song (e.g. D.S. al Coda).

Before learning repeat marks, there are two symbols to learn which may be placed at any point of a song:

Symbol Name
Coda
Segno

There are four different repeat marks (all written in Italian):

Repeat Mark Instruction
D.C. al Fine Go back to the beginning and end the song at "Fine"
D.C. al Coda Go back to the beginning and play to "To Coda," then skip and play from the coda symbol
D.S. al Fine Go back to the segno symbol and end the song at "Fine"
D.S. al Coda Go back to the segno symbol and play to "To Coda," then skip and play from the coda symbol


Also see Barlines | System.


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